Cum se intelege Rom 13:1?
Se inteleg stapanirile inalte la oameni adica la puterile politici conducatoare .
1. Incepand cu Turnul de Veghere 15 oct 1962
Take Courage—God’s Kingdom Is at Hand!
47 Those who have this true godly courage today will keep in alignment with Jehovah of armies, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. They will pray for his kingdom to come with destruction upon this worldly system of things, just as Jesus Christ taught us to pray in his Sermon on the Mount: "Our Father in the heavens, let your name be sanctified. Let your kingdom come. Let your will take place, as in heaven, also upon earth.” (Matt. 6:9, 10) They will not run ahead of that coming of God’s kingdom and secretly set up a rebel government in exile and use violence to force people onto the side of God’s kingdom. They will peacefully follow the apostle’s instructions in Romans 13:1, 5: "Let every soul be in subjection to the superior authorities, for there is no authority except by God; the existing authorities stand placed in their relative positions by God. There is therefore compelling reason for you people to be in subjection, not only on account of that wrath [expressed by these superior authorities] but also on account of your conscience.” True Christians know that they can never overthrow this worldly system of things. They know that God’s time is at hand to do it.
2. Turnul de Veghere 15 noi 1962 cu Titlul
Subjection to "Superior Authorities”—Why?
13 Since Christians cannot avoid dealing with worldly governments, Paul tells the Christians in Rome: "Let every soul be in subjection to the superior authorities.” He reminds them that they are souls, and that their life as souls is involved. Every soul, each individual, of the congregation has an obligation to render this subjection. No one is excepted; and Paul’s career proves he did not except himself. But how far should this subjection of Christians go? To the limit? By no means. Remember that Romans 13:1 is not addressed to angels in heaven, who are subject only to God and his glorified Son Jesus Christ. (Heb. 1:5, 6; 1 Pet. 3:21, 22) Heavenly angels have fought in times past against human political governments and will yet fight against them in the "war of the great day of God the Almighty.” (Rev. 16:14-16; 19:14-20) Romans 13:1 is addressed, not to them, but to Christians here on earth, where political governments of this system of things still exist.
Turnul de veghere (W.T ) 1 noi 1990 ,pag 11
Identifying the Superior Authorities
some years, until 1962, Jehovah’s Witnesses held that the superior authorities
were Jehovah God and Christ Jesus. However, in line with Proverbs 4:18,
light increased, and this view was adjusted, which may raise questions in the
minds of some. Are we now correct in saying that these authorities are the
kings, presidents, prime ministers, mayors, magistrates, and others who wield
secular, political power in the world and that we owe them subjection in a
5 Irenaeus, a writer of the second century C.E., said
that according to some in his day, Paul was speaking at Romans 13:1 "in regard
to angelical powers [or] of invisible rulers.” Irenaeus himself, though, viewed
the superior authorities as "actual human authorities.” The context of Paul’s words shows that Irenaeus was correct. In the
closing verses of Romans chapter 12, Paul explains how Christians should
conduct themselves before "all men,” treating even ‘enemies’ with love and
consideration. (Romans 12:17-21) Clearly, the expression "all men” has
application to men outside the Christian congregation. So "the superior
authorities,” whom Paul then goes on to discuss, must also be outside the
Christian congregation. In harmony with this, notice how various translations
render the first part of Romans 13:1: "Everyone must obey state authorities” (Today’s
English Version); "everyone must submit himself to the governing
authorities” (New International Version); "everyone ought
to obey the civil authorities.”—Phillips’ New Testament in
departe pag 20
15 Further, in a general way, national governments serve as God’s
minister by preserving public order until God’s Kingdom takes over that
responsibility. According to Paul, to this end the authority "bears the sword,”
symbolizing its right to inflict punishment. Usually, this involves imprisonment or fines. In some lands
it may also include the death penalty. On the other hand, many nations have
chosen not to have the death penalty, and that also is their right.
Puteti vedea si aici in Turnul de veghere (W.T) din 1 mai 1996
3 Similarly, the State exercises its authority only because God as
Sovereign Ruler permits it to do so. (John 19:11) Thus, "the existing
authorities” can be said to "stand placed in their relative positions by God.”
Relative to Jehovah’s supreme sovereign authority, theirs is by far a lesser
authority. However, they are "God’s minister,” "God’s public servants,” in that
they provide necessary services, maintain law and order, and punish evildoers.
(Romans 13:1, 4, 6) So Christians need to understand that just because Satan is
the invisible ruler of this world, or system, they are not subjecting
themselves to him when they recognize their relative subjection to the State.
They are obeying God. In this year, 1996, the political
State is still a part of "the arrangement of God,” a temporary arrangement that
God permits to exist, and it should be recognized as such by Jehovah’s earthly